Учебное пособие по английскому языку 3 семестр краснодар 2012 Печатается по решению



НазваниеУчебное пособие по английскому языку 3 семестр краснодар 2012 Печатается по решению
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Тема 16

^ Federal Bureau of Investigation


Text №1

1. Some new words for the text:

Headquarters главное управление, центр, штаб-квартира

Advance прогресс, развитие

To set standards устанавливать стандарты

Field officer офицер, курирующий определенный район

Extortion вымогательство

Larceny воровство, хищение

Fraud мошенничество

Robbery грабеж

Burglary кража со взломом

Motor vehicle транспортное средство

Treason государственная измена

Espionage шпионаж


^ 2. Read and translate some general information about Federal Bureau of Investigation:

About FBI

(general information)

The most famous Federal Government Agency in the United States is the Federal Bureau of Investigation (the FBI). It was established in 1908 by Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte in response to President Theodore Roosevelt’s need for an investigative agency to handle «land thieves» in the West and big business «trusts» in the East. The agency began as a small group of investigators in the Department of Justice.

In 1924, when the Attorney General Harlan Fiske Stone appointed 29-year-old J. Edgar Hoover as the director of the bureau, a major advance began. Hoover instituted an immediate reorganization, setting new standards of qualifications for appointment as special agent and a system of specialized training for all personnel.

Under Director Hoover’s leadership, by the end of the 1960’s, the FBI, with headquarters in Washington, D.C., had field offices in 59 major cities and 526 resident offices serving 50 states. There were offices in 11 major foreign cities. The investigative work was performed by more than 16, 000 employees: 7,200 special agents and 9,100 clerical, stenographic, and technical personnel.

The FBI investigates over 180 different matters, including espionage, sabotage, treason, federal criminal violations and other activities affecting internal security; kidnapping, extortion, bank robbery, burglary and larceny in federal institutions; bribery, interstate transportation of stolen motor vehicles, aircraft, or property; fraud against government or theft of government property and any other matters in which the Government has an interest.


3. ^ Read and translate the following international words without dictionary:

Bureau, criminal, interest, agents, special, narcotics, prostitution, cooperation, local, deserter, identification, collection, arrest, police, laboratory, criminological, material, communications, control, teletype, contact, information, instruction, practical, situation, nation, function, inspection, limit, competent, atomic, energy.


^ 4. Write and read the words from which the following ones are formed:

investigation ---------------- responsibility ---------------------

organization ---------------- security ----------------------------

appointment ---------------- suspect ----------------------------

government ----------------- criminal ---------------------------


^ 5. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following

- нарушение федеральных законов

- генеральный прокурор

- штат сотрудников

- подкуп

- саботаж

- государственная измена

- кража со взломом

- мошенничество

- государственная собственность

- назначение.


^ 6. Make and translate short sentences with the following:

matters pertaining to internal national security

crime detection

economic crimes

science of fingerprinting

crime science searchers

firearms and self-defence


^ 7. Match the English and Russian equivalents:

Espionage убийца

Sabotage кража

Treason кража со взломом

Burglary убийство

Theft шпионаж

Murder саботаж

Killer государственная измена.


Text №2

^ 1. Some new words for the text:

Security – безопасность, охрана, защита

Violation - нарушение

Inquiry – расследование, следствие, исследование

Responsibility – обязанность, ответственность

Gambling – азартные игры

Extortion - вымогательство

Fear - страх

Intimidation – запугивание, устрашение

Bribery - взяточничество

Sufficient evidence – достаточные, неопровержимые улики

Local – местный, локальный

To locate – обнаруживать местонахождение

To apprehend - задерживать

Fingerprint – отпечатки пальцев

Identification – опознание, идентификация

Means - средство

Scientific examinations – научные исследования

To convict – осуждать, выносить обвинительный приговор

To prove - доказывать

To suspect - подозревать

To commit crime – совершить преступление

To pose a threat to – представлять угрозу (кому-либо)

Valuable leads – ценные версии

File - картотека

Retraining courses – курсы переподготовки

Preservation – сохранение, сохранность

Physical evidence – вещественные улики

To recruit – набирать, комплектовать

To assign - назначать

To fulfil - выполнять

Robbery - грабеж

Embezzlement – растрата, присвоение денежных средств

Fraud – обман, мошенничество

Property – имущество, собственность


^ 2. Read and translate the text. Pay attention to the notes after the text

Federal Bureau of Investigation

United States Department of Justice

There are some basic components providing the effective work of the Bureau. They are Identification Division, Laboratory Division, Domestic Intelligence Division, Files and Communications Division, Crime Records Division, Training Division and Special Investigation Division.

^ Identification Division

The largest collection of fingerprints in the world is maintained in the Identification Division of the FBI. A dangerous fugitive, wanted in one state, may be located through fingerprint identification after his arrest on a minor charge under a different name by a police agency in another state. Fingerprints often are the only means of identifying victims of various crimes.

^ Laboratory Division

The FBI Laboratory is the greatest criminological laboratory in the world. During the first 35 years of its existence, this laboratory made approximately 4.000.000 scientific examinations. Today, this laboratory is a large complex of scientific equipment, staffed with over 300 employees most of whom have technical training. Included in this group are over 100 Special Agents with specialized training in a wide range of scientific fields. Many crimes are solved and many defendants convicted on the basis of material evidence submitted to the laboratory for examination. Laboratory examinations on many occasions have proved the innocence of persons suspected of having committed crimes.

^ Domestic Intelligence Division

The FBI fights against all elements which pose a threat* to the security of the people in the United States, to the Nation’s security.

Files and Communications Division

Often some of the most valuable leads in an investigation result from information already contained in the files of law enforcement agencies.

A teletype network provides constant twenty-four-hour contact between FBI headquarters and all Field Divisions. In addition, the FBI has a radio network, completely independent of commercial facilities.

^ Crime Records Division

The personnel of the Crime Records Department has the task of carefully studying the information on crime poured into the Headquarters from the FBI’s field officer*, local police agencies and other sources.

Training Division

All FBI Agents are trained at facilities in Washington, D.C., and at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia. Today, the new Agents receive fourteen weeks of instruction. Two week retraining courses are held periodically for all Agents. Although the theory of the various Law enforcement arts and sciences is taught, the greater emphasis is placed on those practical skills and techniques demanded by day-to-day investigations.

The courses range from the Constitution and Federal Criminal Procedure to Investigative Techniques and the Collection, Identification and Preservation of Physical Evidence. Thorough training is given in firearms and defensive tactics in order that an agent may defend himself in those extreme situations where life may be in danger. The Training Division also provides instructors for thousands police schools conducted by local enforcement agencies in communities across the Nation.

^ Special Investigation Division

Organized crime is a lawless empire involved in gambling, narcotics, prostitution, extortion, etc. where easy money can be made. For years organized crime operated behind a nearly impenetrable wall* built on fear, intimidation, bribery, and force.

Squads of highly trained FBI Agents are devoting their full efforts to bringing the crime lords to justice*. The objective is to collect sufficient evidence to build a strong prosecutive* case so gang leaders can be brought to justice swiftly. Cooperation is vital in the fight against organized crime. The FBI works closely with state and local enforcement agencies.

The Division also supervises investigations under the Security of Government Employees programme*.

Fugitive investigations often involve a great deal of manpower.

In addition to FBI fugitives, this Division directs the efforts of FBI Agents to locate and apprehend escaped Federal prisoners, deserters from the Armed Forces.


Notes:

    1. operated behind a nearly impenetrable wall – действовала за почти непроницаемой стеной

    2. are devoting their full efforts to bringing the crime lords to justice – направляют все свои усилия, чтобы преступных магнатов привлечь к суду

    3. to build a strong prosecutive case – построить сильное обвинение

    4. the Security of Government Employees programme – программа по обеспечению безопасности высших правительственных служащих

    5. which pose a threat – которые представляют угрозу

    6. Crime Records Division – уголовный архив (отдел, где хранятся отчеты о совершенных преступлениях)

7) the FBI’s field officer – сотрудник ФБР, курирующий определенный регион или сферу деятельности


^ 3. Look through the following synonyms. Translate into Russian.

Action – operation

Crime – offence

Criminal - offender

Investigation – inquiry

Security – safety

Staff – personnel

To identify – to establish

Matter – affair

To handle – to deal with

To apprehend – to arrest

Division – department

Property – estate

To operate – to function – to fulfil – to do – to make


^ 4. Give the corresponding verbs of the same root (корень) from the following nouns. Translate them:

Conviction, apprehension, intimidation, assignment, appointment, arrest, limit, violation, extortion, dependent, control, fulfillment.


5. Make as many different word-combinations as you can:

A B

1) to give a) crime

2) to identify b) suspect

3) to solve c) evidence

4) to commit d) innocence

5) to investigate e) organized crime

6) to prove f) fingerprint

7) to fight against g) guilt


^ 6. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following:

  • посредством идентификации отпечатков пальцев

  • разыскиваемый опасный беглец

  • единственное средство опознания потерпевшего

  • осудить обвиняемого

  • научные экспертизы

  • на основе материальных улик

  • доказать невиновность лица

  • подозревать в совершении преступления

  • наиболее ценные версии

  • уголовный архив

  • главное управление ФБР

  • курсы переподготовки

  • огнестрельное оружие

  • тщательная подготовка

  • идентификация и сохранение вещественных улик

  • основанная на страхе, запугивании, взяточничестве и силе

  • собрать достаточно улик

  • выстроить сильное обвинение

  • расследование дел о беглецах

  • собрать достаточно улик

  • выстроить сильное обвинение

  • привлечь к суду

  • осуществлять надзор за расследованием

  • обнаружить местонахождение и задержать

  • сбежавшие из тюрьмы заключенные.



^ 7. Write out the only words which are the names of crimes:

Defendant, racketeering, embezzlement, extortion, deserter, victim, fugitive, fraud, prisoner, espionage, employee, theft, robbery, field officer, FBI agent, bribery, conviction, innocence.


8. Give all possible word combinations:

Crime (организованная, совершить, расследовать, подозревать, бороться против, раскрыть, доказать);

To handle (преступления, уголовные расследования, отпечатки пальцев, информация, внутренняя безопасность);

Fingerprints (ценные, идентифицировать, сохранить);

Fugitive (установить местонахождение, задержать, найти, арестовать, опасный);

Evidence (материальные, вещественные, достаточные, собрать, сохранение, идентификация);

To fight against (рэкет, организованная преступность, хищение, взяточничество, азартные игры, мошенничество, вымогательство);

Investigation (иметь дело, уголовное, тщательное).


^ 9.Use the verbs in correct forms and translate the sentences:

1. The F.B.I. (to create) in 1908.

2. The Identification Division of the F.B.I. (to found) in 1924.

3. One of the aims of the Division (to be) to provide a national collection of

fingerprints.

4. The Division (to keep) records on all political suspects and actual criminals.

5. The F.B.I. (to supply) information for evidence and crime problems throughout the country.

6. Training schools for Special Agents (to set up) in Washington.


^ 10. Complete the sentences using the words in brackets:

( bribery, intimidation, fugitive, identify, convicted, leads, organized crime, responsibilities, fingerprint, robbery, the collection, identification, preservation).

1. The fight against … involves a great deal of efforts in the work of the FBI Special Investigation Division.

2. To fight against a threat to the Nation’s security is one of the … of the FBI.

3. In a number of crimes some of valuable … in an investigation result from information contained in the files of law enforcement agencies.

4. Many crimes are solved through … identification.

5. The dangerous … was located and arrested on the basis of the information of the witnesses.

6. Laboratory examination proved the innocence of the defendant suspected of having committed …

7. Laboratory examination of the fingerprints found on the murder victim helped … the murderer.

8. The gang leaders were … on the basis of sufficient evidence collected by the FBI Agents together with the officers of the local enforcement agency.

9. Practical skills and techniques are paid great attention to in the course of training and retraining FBI Agents. The courses involve … and … of physical evidence.

10. Organized crime is built on fear, …, …, and force.


^ 11. Read and translate the following sentences without dictionary:

1. The FBI headquarters is the largest in the world.

2. The FBI closely cooperates with state and local police agency.

3. The collection of fingerprints is the largest in the world.

4. They always relay on scientific training, selection of personnel and cooperation.


^ 12. Read, translate and reproduce the following dialogue

Imagine that you are a journalist interviewing the FBI’s Agent.


You: Good morning, sir!

Special Agent: Good morning!

You: I’d like to ask you some questions about the FBI and its work if possible.

S.A.: Of course you can.

You: What was the purpose of creating the FBI?

S.A.: It was created primarily to handle criminal investigations for the Department of Justice.

^ You: And what matters does it deal with?

S.A.: The FBI handles over 180 different investigations including Federal

criminal violations, internal security matters and civil inquiries in which the

Government has an interest.

You: And what divisions does it consist?

S.A.: It is composed of many divisions: General Investigation Division, Special Investigation Division, Identification Division, Domestic Intelligence Division, Files and Communications Division, Training Division and others.

^ You: It’s very curious to learn something about the FBI Agent’s training. Where are they trained?

S.A.: All FBI Agents are trained at facilities in Washington, D.C., and at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia.

You: How long does the training last?

S.A.: Today, the new Agents receive fourteen weeks of instruction. Two week retraining courses are held periodically for all Agents.

You: Thank you very much. This information will be of great interest for our readers.

S.A.: Not at all. Good-bye.

You: Good-bye.


^ 13. Find in the text above the answers to the following questions:

  1. What does the FBI handle?

  2. What are the main divisions of the FBI you can name?

  3. What are the matters within the FBI jurisdiction?

  4. In what way are the FBI Agents devoting their efforts to the fight against organized crime?

  5. Who directs the efforts to locate and apprehend fugitives, escaped Federal prisoners, deserters from Armed Forces?

  6. Where can valuable leads in an investigation be found very often?

  7. Where is the largest collection of fingerprints in the world?

  8. What is the value of fingerprints in a number of crimes?

  9. On the basis of which evidence are many crimes solved and many defendants convicted?


^ 14. Guess the words in the blanks, the first and the last letters are given:

If the police want to enter and search a building, they need a w____t, which they obtain from a local s_____f. They do not need one of these if they need to get into a building to a____t someone, to s____e someone’s life, or to prevent d____e or d___e.


^ 15. Speak in a brief way on:

  1. FBI, its composition and the matters within its jurisdiction.

  2. Special Investigation Division.

  3. Identification Division.

  4. Laboratory Division.



Just for fun

The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), the FBI, and the CIA are all trying to prove that they are the best at apprehending criminals. The President decides to give them a test. He releases a rabbit into forest and each of them has to catch it.

The CIA goes in. They place animal informants throughout the forest. The question all plant and mineral witnesses. After three months of extensive investigations they conclude that rabbits do not exist.

^ The FBI goes in. After two weeks with no leads they burn the forest, killing everything init, including the rabbit, and they make no apologies.

The LAPD goes in. They come out two hours later with a badly beaten bear. The bear is yelling: «Okay! Okay! I’m a rabbit! I’m a rabbit!»


^ Additional exercises to the topic

1. Change the verbs to the Past Simple or the Past Continuous. Then retell the story.

The unlucky burglar

One evening Alf (watch) the television and (eat) his supper when the door suddenly (open) and a burglar (come) in. He (wear) a mask and (carry) a sack. Before doing anything else he (tie) Alf to the chair. Then he (go) upstairs to look for money. Although he (not find) any money he (find) a lot of jewellery, which he (put) into his sack. In his rush to get downstairs he (not see) the dog which (lie) at the bottom of the stairs and he (fall) over it, loosing his glasses. While the burglar (look for) them, Alf (try) to free himself. Finally, Alf (manage) to escape and he (phone) the police. As soon as the burglar (find) his glasses he (run) out of the house. However, unfortunately for him, the police (wait) for him at the end of the garden.


  1. ^ This is a story told by an American tourist who has recently been to Italy. Fill in the blanks the words from the bracket, and translate the sentences.

(the jungle, robbed, kidnapped, customs, laws, protect, rely on, fear, prescribe, imperfect)

Every country has its …. That’s perfectly true. When I first came to a tiny Italian village I was shocked: everyone was smiling and waving at me. The … of hospitality … local people to … the foreigners from any trouble. In daylight and even at night you can go out without … of being … or …. Though the Italian laws are … like all the laws, in the country you can … … open-heartedness and every possible support of the natives. The law of … is for huge industrial cities.


3. Complete the following sentences with the words and phrases from the bracket:

(Arrested; offender; commit; shop-lifting; charged; embezzlement; witness; burglary)

    1. The number of young people who ---- crimes has risen sharply in recent years.

    2. Another house was broken into last week. This is the third --- in the area in the past month.

    3. The shop decided to install closed-circuit television in an effort to combat the problem of ----.

    4. He was --- by the police outside a club in Chicago and --- with murder.

    5. An --- is a person who breaks the law.

    6. A --- is someone who sees a crime being committed.

    7. The bank manager admitted taking 250,000 dollars of the bank’s money during the previous five years. He was found guilty of ---.

Supplementary reading

Some newspaper articles

Text№1

    1. Read and translate the following newspaper article.

Some new words to the text:

To dig копать

To dig up вскопать, раскопать

Ring кольцо, группа

Borough район

Spokesman представитель

Joint совместный

Task force оперативная группа

Warrant ордер, предписание

To point указывать

Homicide убийство

To bury захоронить

To shoot (shot, shot) выстрелить

Shot выстрел

Mob воровская шайка

Mobster член воровской шайки

Bouncer вышибала (сленг)


^ US police dig up yard for ex-boxer

Livingston, New Jersey – Police dug up the back yard of a New Jersey house Friday searching for the body of a former Russian Olympic boxer. The authorities believe he was killed by members of a Russian organized crime ring.

« The Russian ex-boxer, of the Brooklyn borough of New York, was last seen in November four years ago», FBI spokesman Joseff Valiquette said.

The Joint Eastern European Organized Crime Task Force, made up of the FBI and New York City Police, won a federal search warrant to dig up the yard of a home in suburban Livingston, New Jersey. Valiquette would not say what led the authorities to the house but said the information points to a homicide.

«The information we have which led to the search warrant indicates that he was buried there, which logically would indicate that he was murdered. So yes, we do believe that he was the victim of a homicide», Valiquette said.

New York’s Daily News reported that the ex-boxer was shot in the garage by three Russian mobsters days after an incident at the bar where he worked as a bouncer.

(from Reuters)



    1. Answer the following questions:

      1. Do you know the name of this ex-boxer?

      2. How do you think the police leaned where the boxer was buried?

      3. Was his body found in the yard?

      4. Were the murderers identified and arrested?

      5. Is it an exceptional case?


3. Write out all the information on each point from the newspaper item:


        1. the Russian ex-boxer

        2. the suspected murderers

        3. the place and time of the murder

        4. the investigation


4. Agree or disagree:

1. The police dug up the back yard of the house where the ex-boxer lived.

2. The FBI alone was investigating this case.

3. Most probably the General Attorney issued a federal research warrant.

4. Joseff Valiquette was a member of the task force.

5. The newspaper had all the facts in their hands.


Text№2

    1. Read and translate the following newspaper article.

Some new words to the text:

Brute жестокий, грубый

Brutality жестокость, грубость

To brutalize обходиться грубо

To tarnish запятнать

Even and odd numbers четные и нечетные числа

To be at odds with smb не ладить с кем-либо

To drop падать

Lobby коридор

Apparently очевидно

To reach for smth потянуться за чем-либо

Bullet пуля

Conscious осознанный

To cite критиковать

To launch запускать, начинать


^ Police brutality

Outside police headquarters in New York City, the protesters show up each day. In the courts, the biggest criminal cases are against cops. And at City Hall, the law-and-order record of Mayor Rudolph Guiliani appears tarnished.

A combination of brutality charges, federal investigations and public relations problems has thrown the United States’ largest police department into its worst crisis in years. Police and the city’s minorities seem increasingly at odds, and morale in the department is dropping.

The department’s troubles come just two years after it was riding high on news that the city’s crime rate was dropping for the first time in 28 years.

What’s created the most anger is the case of Amadou Diallo, an unarmed West African immigrant shot to death by police in an apartment lobby. The police, apparently believing Diallo was reaching for a gun, fired 41 bullets at him. He was hit by 19 shots.

Now the four white officers who killed him are on trial accused of murder. The defence says it was a tragic accident; the prosecution accepts that the officers did not set out that night to kill a black man but says that they made a conscious decision to shoot him once they got out of their car.

And the protesters have other cases to cite in their charge of police misconduct.

In New York’s borough of Brooklyn, jury selection is to begin Monday for the trial of three other officers accused of brutalizing a Haitian immigrant Abner Louima. The trial centres on allegations the officers brutalized him in a precinct station.

Federal and state prosecutors have launched investigations of the NYPD (New York Police Department). The commission will hold hearings in May on whether the police tactics violate the public rights, especially in minority neighbourhood.

(from The Guardian)


  1. Check if you remember:

  1. About what country and police does this newspaper item speak?

  2. Where are the protest organized?

  3. Are the biggest criminal cases against the cops?

  4. Is the Mayor of New York involved?

  5. What testifies to the crisis in the New York Police Department?

  6. With what part of the population do the police confront most?


3. Sum up what newspaper item said about:

- the morale of the NYPD in the past

- the case of Amadou Diallo and the trial

- the case of Abner Louima

- the federal and state investigations of the NYPD.


^ Text №3

1. Read the following text and translate the sentences given in bold type in writing:

Police Technology in the USA

Request for police services are generally transmitted to headquarters by telephone and then by radio to officers in the field. Police have long operated on the theory that fast response time results in more arrests and less risk or injury to victims. The current trend is toward handling calls by priority, with emergency response reserved for cases involving an injured party or those in which a reasonable chance exists to prevent a crime or make an arrest at the scene. Modern computer-assisted dispatching systems permit automatic selection of the nearest officer in service. In some cities, officers can receive messages displayed on computer terminals in their cars, without voice communication from headquarters. An officer, for example, can key in the license number of a suspect car and receive an immediate response from the computer as to the status of the car and owner’s identity.

^ An increasing number of agencies are now using computers to link crime patterns with certain suspects. Fingerprints found at crime scenes can be electronically compared with fingerprint files.

In recent years technological advances have been made in such areas as voice identification, use of the scanning electron microscope, and blood testing which is an important tool because only 2 persons in 70,000 have identical blood characteristics. Some of the new laboratory techniques, although highly effective, are extremely expensive, so their use is limited to the most challenging cases.


2. Answer the following questions:

  1. What are the current trends in police work in the USA?

  2. What cases are handled by priority under the new approach?

  3. How do computers assist in police work?

  4. What technological advances have been made in law-and-order

campaign?

  1. Why is blood testing an important tool in crime detection?


3. Find in the text above the English equivalents for the following words and expressions:

- пострадавшая сторона

- предотвратить преступление

- осуществить арест на месте происшествия

- отпечатки пальцев

- быстрое реагирование

- печатать, вводить с клавиатуры

- технический прогресс


4. ^ Render the following text into English paying attention to the words and

expressions given in bold type:

Большое число расследований уголовных преступлений, ведущихся американскими правоохранительными органами, вынудило ФБР приступить к созданию новой криминалистической лаборатории. Лаборатория будет оснащена новейшим оборудованием для баллистической, химической, судебно-медицинской и других видов экспертизы, необходимых для расследования различных преступлений.

Лаборатория ФБР, которая находится в Вашингтоне, на протяжении многих лет остается крупнейшей и лучшей в стране. Однако в последнее время она не справляется с огромным потоком заданий, поступающих не только от головного ведомства, но и из других правоохранительных органов.

Необходимость создания новой лаборатории продиктована так же тем, что ФБР все чаще приходится заниматься расследованием сложнейших дел, связанных с международным терроризмом, организованной преступностью и контрабандой наркотиков.

Руководство ФБР планирует создание единой компьютерной базы данных всех правоохранительных органов США, которая будет содержать информацию о преступниках и их сообщниках и вещественных доказательствах, собранных в ходе расследований.


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