Учебное пособие по английскому языку краснодар 2012 Печатается по решению



НазваниеУчебное пособие по английскому языку краснодар 2012 Печатается по решению
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Неправильные глаголы

Infinitive
^

Past Simple


Past Participle

Неопределенная

форма глагола


Прошедшее время

Причастие прошедшего времени

Be

beat

become

begin

bend

bite

blow

break

bring

burn

build

buy

can

catch

choose

come

cost

cut

do

draw

dream

drink

drive

eat

fall

feed

feel

fight

find

fly

forget

forgive

freeze

get

give

go

grow

hang

have

hear

hide

hit

hold

hurt

keep

know

lay

lead

learn

leave

lend

let

lie

lose

make

mean

meet

pay

put

read

ride

ring

rise

run

say

see

sell

send

set

shine

shoot

show

shut

sing

sink

sit

sleep

smell

speak

spell

spend

spread

stand

steal

sweep

swim

swing

take

teach

tear

tell

think

throw

understand

wake

wear

win

write

was/were

beat

became

began

bent

bit

blew

broke

brought

burnt

built

bought

could

caught

chose

came

cost

cut

did

drew

dreamt

drank

drove

ate

fell

fed

felt

fought

found

flew

forgot

forgave

froze

got

gave

went

grew

hung

had

heard

hid

hit

held

hurt

kept

knew

laid

led

learnt

left

lent

let

lay

lost

made

meant

met

paid

put

read

rode

rang

rose

ran

said

saw

sold

sent

set

shone

shot

showed

shut

sang

sank

sat

slept

smelt

spoke

spelt

spent

spread

stood

stole

swept

swam

swung

took

taught

tore

told

thought

threw

understood

woke

wore

won

wrote

Been

beaten

become

begun

bent

bitten

blow

broken

brought

burnt

built

bought

(been able)

caught

chosen

come

cost

cut

done

drawn

dreamt

drunk

driven

eaten

fallen

fed

felt

fought

found

flown

forgotten

forgiven

frozen

got

given

gone (been)

grown

hung

had

heard

hidden

hit

held

hurt

kept

known

laid

led

learnt

left

lent

let

lain

lost

made

meant

met

paid

put

read

ridden

rung

risen

run

said

seen

sold

sent

set

shone

shot

shown

shut

sung

sunk

sat

slept

smelt

spoken

spelt

spent

spread

stood

stolen

swept

swum

swung

taken

taught

torn

told

thought

thrown

understood

woken

worn

won

written



Exercises


  1. Поставьте глаголы в The Past и The Future Indefinite, употребляя соответствующие индикаторы.

1. He plays tennis twice a week. 2. She learns French and German. 3. We keep our car in the garage. 4. They often make mistakes. 5. I help my mother about the house. 6. They do their shopping every day. 7. We go to the University by metro. 8. The classes begin at. 9. I stay at school till 2 o'clock. 10. If often rains in October. 11. Tom gets excellent marks in English.


2. Поставьте предложение в вопросительную и отрицательную формы.

1.Den Studies at the University. 2. They usually buy newspapers in the morning. 3. The teacher asks many questions. 4. He entered the Law faculty. 5. My friend saw an interesting film yesterday. 6. They got to the country by bus. 7. Nick will work as a teacher. 8. We shall make coffee for him. 9. Her cousin will go abroad next week.

3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

  1. Do you walk to school? - Yes, I .../ No, I ....

  2. Does he drive a car? - Yes, he .../ No, he ....

  3. Did it often rain last autumn? - Yes, it.../ No, it....

  4. Did they go to bed early yesterday/- Yes, they.../ No, they....

  5. Will she come to see us soon? – Yes, she…./ No, she ….

  6. Shall we meet at the station? –Yes, we…/ No, we ….


4. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам.

1. The train leaves at eight. 2. We have supper at 8 p.m. 3. Old ladies like to sit by fire. 4. His grandparents live in Gomel. 5. He visits his grandparents very often. 6. Her brother made three mistakes in his test. 7. He worked at a plant last year. 8. They will remember this day for ever. 9. She has a headache, so she will not go to school. 10. He will buy this interesting book.


Continuous Tenses

Времена группы употребляются для обозначения действия – процесса, протекающего в определенный период времени.


?

Was

Is he taping it?

Will be



+
was

He is taping it.

Will be

-

wasn’t

He isn’t taping it.

won’t be


Д
Определённый момент в прошлом


Настоящий момент речи

Определённый момент в будущем



At 2 o`clock yesterday

Now, at this moment

At 2 o`clock tomorrow
ействие совершается



Present Continuous -  Настоящее Продолженное

Следует отметить, что некоторые настоящие времена английского языка могут обозначать будущее.

^ Present Continuous

I am asking.

Am I asking?

I am not asking.

He is asking.

Is he asking?

He is not asking?

We are asking.

Are we asking?

We are not asking.



^ Как образуется:

глагол to be + I форма глагола + ing окончание.

Когда употребляется:

1.действие происходит в данный момент.

I am watching TV now. Я сейчас смотрю телевизор.

^ 2. действие произойдет в скором будущем, которое запланировано (!).

I am flying to New York next month. В следующем месяце я лечу в Нью-Йорк.


Past Continuous - Прошедшее Продолженное

Как образуется

Глагол to be во 2 форме + глагол+ ing окончание.


^ Past Continuous

I was asking.

Was I asking?

I was not asking?

We were asking.

Were we asking?

We weren’t asking.

^ Когда употребляется:

1. Процесс длился долго не прерываясь.

Например:

He was playing the piano the whole evening. - Он играл на пианино весь вечер.

2. Процесс был прерван другим действием.

They came in when she was speaking by the phone. - Они вошли, когда она говорила по телефону.

^ Future Continuous - Будущее Продолженное

Как образуется:

Вспомогательный глагол will/shall+be+1 форма глагола+ing

Future Continuous

I shall be asking.

Shall I be asking?

I shall not be asking.

He will be asking.

Will he be asking?

He will not be asking.

^ Когда употребляется:

Процесс длится в будущем.

She will be dancing the whole day tomorrow. - Завтра она весь день будет танцевать.


Exercises

Exercise 1. Определите функции сказуемых в Continuous Tenses (Present, Past, Future) и переведите предложения:

  1. We are answering to the questions on the new text. Are you answering to the questions on this text? Yes, I am. And is your friend answering to the questions on the new text? No, he isn’t.

  2. He is correcting his mistakes now. Is he correcting his mistakes now? Yes, he is. And are you correcting your mistakes now? No, I am not.

  3. They are working at their English now. What are they working at? Are they working at German? No, they aren’t. They are not working at German, they are working at English.

  4. He is learning new words here. What is he doing here? Is he writing new words from the text? No, he isn’t. He is not writing new words. He is learning them.

  5. We are translating a new text now. What are you doing now?

I am translating a new text.

  1. I was reading a newspaper at 7 in the evening. And what were you doing at that time? I was preparing my home task for the next lesson.

  2. We were doing our exercises from 5 till 6. What were you doing at that moment? I was playing chess.

  3. They were speaking French when the teacher came in. What were they doing when the teacher came in? Were they playing chess? No, they weren’t. They were not playing chess when the teacher came in. They were speaking French.

  4. He was correcting his mistakes from 6 till 7. Was he correcting his mistakes all day long? No, he wasn’t. He was not correcting his mistakes all day long.

  5. My friend was talking to Professor Ivanov when I saw him. Who was your friend talking to when you saw him?

  6. Were you busy last night? Yes, I was. I was preparing for my examination in tactics. And what about you? I was watching the TV programmes.

  7. Colonel Petrov will be lecturing on the international situation tomorrow at 10 o’clock. Will colonel Petrov be lecturing at 12 o’clock? No, he won’t. He will be lecturing at 10 o’clock.

  8. I shall be still studying Criminalistics from 8 till 9. What will you be doing tomorrow from 8 till 9? Will you be listening to the radio news at that moment? No, I shan’t.

  9. Will you be writing a test at 12 o’clock? No, I shan’t. I shall be working at our laboratory.

  10. We shall be discussing the problems of physical training in the camp? Tomorrow at 9.

  11. After the lessons the cadets will be lining up to go to the mess for dinner. When will the cadets be lining up to go to the mess for dinner? After the lessons they will be lining up to go for dinner.

  12. During the hours of independent work the cadets will be preparing for the next day lessons. What will the cadets be doing during the hours of independent work? Will they be preparing for the next day lessons? Yes, they will.

Exercise 2. Поставьте по смыслу глаголы в Continuous Tenses (Present, Past, Future) и переведите предложения:

1. They (to watch) hockey on TV now. 2. We (to read) books and newspapers in our Lenin’s room from 4 till 5. 3. Yesterday during the hours of independent work we (to study) field manuals and regulations. 4. We (to listen) to a lecture when our commander came in. 5. Our cadets (to take part) in the military parade on the 7th of November at 10 o’clock in the morning.

Exercise 3. Выберите нужную форму глагола.

      1. Do you (know, knowing) the answer?

      2. She’s (study, studying) the new text.

      3. They’re (listen, listening) now.

      4. Does he (go, going) there every day?

      5. I’m (write, writing) a letter to my friend.

      6. Do you (take, taking) many exams each term?

      7. Are you (learn, learning) the new words?

      8. Is he (work, working) today?

Exercise 4. Прочитайте сообщение о происшествии. Обсудите со своим говорящим, где мальчик прячется, чем он занимается в данное время и собирается ли он возвращаться домой.

It is sex o’clock on a very cold winter evening. All over England people are sitting down in their living-rooms and watching the news on TV or are listening to it on the radio. There is one very important piece of news this evening. It is this.

In Dublin, this evening, hundreds of policemen are looking for a boy. The boy’s name is Arthur White. He is ten. He has black hair and blue eyes. He is having a green suit on. It is cold. It is snowing. The parents do not know where he is hiding. The police ask for a help.


^ Perfect Tenses


Действие совершается



Определённому моменту в прошлом

Определённому моменту в будущем


Настоящему моменту речи





by 2 o`clock yesterday

by last week

by the time he came

already

yet

just

lately (of late)

recently

this year

since 1974

for 3 years



by 2 o`clock tomorrow





+



He had sent it.

He has sent it.

He will have sent it.

?

Had he sent it?

Has he sent it?

Will he have sent it?

-

He hadn`t sent it.

He hasn`t sent it.

He won`t have sent it.



Present Perfect - Настоящее Совершенное

Особенность состоит в том, что времена английского языка группы Perfect могут обозначать прошедшее, хотя и называются настоящими.

Образование:

have / has + III форма глагола.

^ Когда употребляется настоящее совершенное время:

1. действие произошло сегодня, в этом году, на этой неделе и т.д, т.е. период еще не закнчился.

Не has written 10 books and he is just twenty! - Он написал 10 книг, а ему всего двадцать! (жизнь идет)

We met this month. - Мы виделись в этом месяце (месяц не закончился)

He has met me today. - Сегодня он меня встретил.

^ 2. с наречиями yet (еще), just (только), recently (недавно), ever (всегда), never (никогда), already (уже) и т.д.

I have just found out about this. - Я только что об этом узнала.

I’ve never been to England. - Я никогда не была в Англии.

She has already done this work. - Она уже сделала эту работу.

^ 3. Действие в прошлом влияет на настоящее состояни

We have gone to the forest and now he has a cold. - Мы ходили в лес, и он простыл.


Past Perfect - Прошедшее Совершенное

Как образуется:

2 форма глагола have + Participle II (3 форма глагола).

^ Когда употребляется:

1. При согласовании времен.

He said that he had not noticed you. - Он сказал, что не заметил тебя.

2. Одно действие произошло раньше другого.

He had left before I could figure out something. - Он ушел раньше, чем я смогла что-то понять.

^ 3. Есть временной предлог by.>

He had made his decision by summer. - К лету он принял решение.

Future Perfect - Будущее Совершенное

Как образуется:

Глагол to have в форме будущего времени Will have + 3 форма глагола.

Когда употребляется:

Употребляется для выражения будущего действия, которое совершится до определенного момента в будущем. Н русский язык Future Perfect переводится будущим временем глагола совершенного вида.

Tomorrow by 5 o’clock I will have passed the exam. – Завтра к 5 часам я сдам экзамен.


Exercises

Exercise. 1 Read and translate the following sentences:

  1. We have done it already. 2. I have seen this film. 3.Silence! The lesson

has begun. 4.Look! The teacher has come. 5. –We have translated this sentence. –Start translating the text. 6. Have you heard the news? My friend Mike has got married. 7. Have you read “The Forsyte’s Saga” by G.Galsworthy? 8. Who has won the game? –Of course, the Dynamo team has. 9. Have you seen this new film? –No, I haven’t yet. 10. Why are you late? –I am sorry. I have been to the library. 11. I haven’t seen you for a long time. Where have you been all this time? – In Kiev. I have just returned from there. 12. When you came I had already written my report.

Exercise 2. Think of questions for which the following might be answer.

  1. Mary has cooked a wonderful cake. 2. He has gone home. 3. She hasn’t seen him since the summer. 4. He has given her a beautiful rose. 5. The alarm-clock has just rung. 6. She has put her umbrella into the corner. 7. It has begun thawing today. 8. The boy has broken the icicle. 9. She has changed her name. 10. Mary has brought him home. 11. She has brought home a white kitten. 12. She has always tried to stop him.

Exercise 3. Supply subordinate clauses with the verbs in the Present Perfect Simple.

  1. I don’t know why (she - not to come). 2. She asks why (you – not to lay the table). 3. I’d like to know why (he – not to answer my letter). 4. Tell me why (you – to quarrel). 5. She doesn’t say why (she- to refuse to take this work). 6. I can’t guess why (they-to part). 7. She wants to know where (they – to go to). 8. I wonder where (they- to live all the time). 9. He can’t say where (the dog- to appear from). 10. I just ask where (you- to be since last Saturday).

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